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Saturday, July 19, 2014

Pequeno trecho do livro Teologia Indecente de Marcella Althaus-Reid


"Lembro-me do absurdo daquele bispo dirigindo-se a mim com satisfação evidente de um homem falando com uma mulher nativa quem ele presumiu ser analfabeta, simples e pobre, mas com uma fé forte. Na verdade, eu era uma estudante universitária e se eu era pobre, não era pela falta de trabalho (eu tinha dois na época) mas por causa da hiper-inflação. Mais ainda, eu era uma mulher indecente. Do tipo que na época, quando o regime militar promovia valores familiares, tinha decidido não se casar, mas viver sozinha e amar um homem gay."

Peoples' Social Forum 2014 in Ottawa - invitations to-date IV

I met Paul Heidebrecht at the Mennonite Central Committee office in Ottawa June 25th to talk about the Peoples' Social Forum and MCC. I invited them to present a workshop. Paul is stepping down as director of MCC and MCC thinks they can't present at the Forum because of that. It appears that Muslims for Progressive Values also missed the boat. I also invited MPV and Faith House Ottawa to host a workshop to talk about the Ottawa Network of Spiritual Progressives, but they didn't register either. There are about 10 workshop in the 'spirituality' category, out of about 450 total workshops. There are some nice workshops proposed under this category, such as one titled "Jesus and revolution". There are some institutions such as Citizens for Public Justice that will host a workshop - which is great, but the workshop was not associated with the 'primary' theme of spirituality.
In June I led a Sunday School class at the Ottawa Mennonite Church on the Forum. I spoke about the Forum, I read some documents of the World Council of Churches on Ecumenism from the 60s, always highlighting the importance of interaction between churches and social movements. The discussion was good, but there was no response with concrete action at the time.

Thursday, July 17, 2014

CPT em Gaza, Palestina

Esse é um trecho do livro "In Harm's Way: A History of Christian Peacemaker Teams" por Kathleen Kern. É uma passagem do capítulo sobre o trabalho da CPT em Gaza.
(Enquanto três capítulos do livro relatam a história de projetos mais de longo prazo do grupo em outras regiões da Palestina, o útlimo capítulo do livro relata o breve projeto em campos de refugiados na Faixa de Gaza. O trecho abaixo é do último capítulo)

Certa vez, Cliff Kindy estava pernoitando na casa de uma família no acampamento de Rafah  que havia perdido um filho três dias antes quando ele bloqueou um veículo militar israelita que perseguia um homem. Sendo baleado oito vezes, o filho foi levado ao hospital Khan Younis, mas soldados cercaram o prédio, negando a entrada a médicos que tentaram tratá-lo. Ele morreu no dia seguinte. Três vezes o governador militar israelita da área foi à casa da família dizendo à mãe "continue vestindo suas roupas de luto: nós vamos matar seu outro filho também."
  Na noite antes do funeral, soldados destruíram o encanamento da casa da família, acabaram com os móveis indo de quarto em quarto e fizeram furos à bala no teto com disparos. Um soldado fincou seu calcanhar sobre a mão de um bebê de um ano de idade que dormia.

(Página 501)

Tuesday, July 01, 2014

CPT na Colômbia

Esse é um trecho do livro "In Harm's Way: A History of Christian Peacemaker Teams" por Kathleen Kern. É uma passagem do capítulo sobre o trabalho da CPT na Colômbia.

"A equipe equilibrou essas conversas cautelosamente amigáveis e empáticas com desafios mais duros à violência paramilitar e ao tácito consentimento dos governos colombiano e estadonidense. Alguns desses testemunhos foram pontuais. Depois de ouvir dizer que a embaixadora estadonidense para a Colômbia estaria em Barrancabermeja, a equipe lavou a bandeira estadonidense - para protestar a "guerra suja" contra civis que os Estados Unidos estavam financiando - fora de um novo centro comunitário chamado "o centro de coexistência", que ela estava visitando. Quando souberam que paramilitares estavam assassinando homossexuais, moradores de rua e prostitutas em operações de "lavagem social", William Payne, Scott Kerr e Lisa Martens vestiram camisetas proclamando em Espanhol "Eu sou homossexual" em Barrancabermeja.

(páginas 380 e 381)

Monday, May 26, 2014

Carta Aberta ao Público - Equipes Cristãs de Ação Pela Paz em Chiapas, México


Esse é um trecho do livro "In Harm's Way: A History of Christian Peacemaker Teams" por Kathleen Kern. O livro transcreve a carta aberta abaixo.

"
14 de Novembro de 2000

Carta Aberta ao Público

As Equipes Cristãs de Ação Pela Paz em Chiapas, que têm tido uma presença contínua no departamento de Chenalhó desde Junho de 1998, estão preocupadas com as novas e elevadas tensões nesta área nos últimos vários dias. Afirmamos que o objetivo público do governo Mexicano de desarmar paramilitares nesta região é muito correto e digno, e reconhecemos que o processo de desarmamento exigirá um trabalho longo e cuidadoso.
  Ao mesmo tempo, sabemos, por estarmos presentes na situação, que tensões, ameaças e rumores estão crescendo e que grupos paramilitares nesta região estão em alerta. A atividade de rádio de paramilitares tem sido alta nos últimos dias, além de reuniões frequentes acontecendo em comunidades nesta área que são conhecidas por serem bastiões paramilitares.
  Especialmente, novas ameaças surgiram contra La Sociedad Civil de Las Abejas, com referência particular aos seus acampamentos de desalojados em X'oyep e no acampamento recém estabelecido na área de Yibeljoj.
   Frente a essa situação, membros do nosso grupo, Equipes Cristãs de Ação Pela Paz, estarão presentes nesses dois acampamentos começando em 13 de Novembro e durante os dias seguintes. Como pacifistas, nós recusamos o uso de armas para a resolução de conflitos. Como Cristãos, depositamos nossa fé no Espírito de Deus, que está presente em todos e todas nesta situação, o qual pode trazer coisas novas e inesperadas.
  Continuamos a esperar e a orar pelo bem-estar de todos e todas envolvidos/as nessa situação complicada: soldados, civis paramilitares, e os milhares de pessoas deslocadas internamente.
  Com esperança de paz com dignidade e justiça para todos e todas,

Equipes Cristãs de Ação Pela Paz em Chiapas

"

Thursday, May 22, 2014

"Somos Pessoas da Paz de Deus"

Existe um hino bonito chamado "Somos Pessoas da Paz de Deus". É o número 407 do hinário ¨Hymnal: A Worship Resource", o hinário Menonita no Canadá. Aqui vai a letra traduzida por mim (sem encaixar na métrica da música) É uma letra que resume bem a motivação Anabatista para a paz.




Somos pessoas da paz de Deus, como nova criação,
O amor nos une e nos fortalece nesta celebração.
Filhos e filhas do Senhor, servindo uns aos outros,
Um novo pacto de paz une a nós todos.

Somos crianças da paz de Deus nessa nova criação,
Espalhando alegria, através da grande salvação de Deus.
Trazemos esperança em um espírito humilde, em nosso viver diário,
Buscamos a paz com todos, fazendo o bem em troca do mal.

Somos servos da paz de Deus, da nova criação,
Escolhendo a paz, servimos fielmente com devoção sincera.
Jesus Cristo, o Príncipe da paz, nos dará confiança.
Cristo, o Senhor, é nossa defesa; Cristo nunca nos deixará.







Texto: Menno Simons, 1552; tr. Esther Bergen, Mennonite World Conference Songbook, 1990   Copyright c da tradução 1990 Mennonite World Conference
 Música: Johann Horn, Ein Gesangbuch der Bruder im Behemen und Merherrn, 1544; revisada em Catholicum Hymnologium Germanicum, 1584

Link para a partitura: http://www.hymnary.org/media/fetch/106650
Link para vídeo curto: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bOe3BBM_dM8

"We are People of God's Peace"

There is a beautiful hymn called "We are People of God's Peace". It's number 407 in the "Hymnal: A Worship Resource" , the Mennonite hymnal.

We are people of God’s peace as a new creation,
Love unites and strengthens us at this celebration.
Sons and daughters of the Lord, serving one another,
A new covenant of peace binds us all together.

We are children of God’s peace in this new creation,
Spreading joy and happiness, through God’s great salvation.
Hope we bring in spirit meek, in our daily living,
Peace with everyone we seek, good for evil giving.

We are servants of God’s peace, of the new creation,
Choosing peace, we faithfully serve with heart’s devotion.
Jesus Christ, the Prince of peace, confidence will give us.
Christ the Lord is our defence; Christ will never leave us.

Text: Menno Simons, 1552; tr. Esther Bergen, Mennonite World Conference Songbook, 1990   Translation copyright c 1990 Mennonite World Conference
 Music: Johann Horn, Ein Gesangbuch der Bruder im Behemen und Merherrn, 1544; revised in Catholicum Hymnologium Germanicum, 1584

Link to score: http://www.hymnary.org/media/fetch/106650
Link to short video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bOe3BBM_dM8


Friday, May 16, 2014

Peoples' Social Forum 2014 in Ottawa - invitations to-date III

 
   The Canadian Friends Service Committee (Quakers) told me that they won't participate, as their annual sessions are in August. But they will advertise the Forum in their social media and electronic newsletter.
   Citizens For Public Justice (CPJ) replied with interest in participating and asked for more information. 
  I contacted the Ottawa office of the Mennonite Central Committee (I'm a Mennonite) and proposed to meet them in June to talk about the Forum.
  I'm very happy with the Christian Peacemaker Teams (CPT) Canada's involvement with the Forum. They met with organizers. There were very good things discussed in the meeting!
  I contacted the Canadian Unitarians for Social Justice (CUSJ). As I posted before, I received no reply to my emails to the First Unitarian Congregation of Ottawa. However, CUSJ is interested in participating at the Forum and is checking if I can go there to talk more about it.
  At the "Nonviolence: A Weapon of the Strong" Conference last week at Saint-Paul University (see here), I made a quick question after Mr. Rajagopal's keynote presentation mentioning the Forum to all.
  I emailed Ecclesiax in the beginning of April, but I haven't heard back.

Thursday, May 15, 2014

"Things Fall Apart" - The Al-Aqsa Intifada - CPT - IV

This is another passage from the book "In Harm's Way: A History of Christian Peacemaker Teams".

"In later years of the Intifada, the U.S. boycott of the democratically elected Hamas government, which included desperately needed aid to pay salaries of teachers and medical personnel, aroused much bitterness among Palestinians. The boycott confirmed what they had suspected - that 'democracy' to the U.S. means that Palestinians should vote for the candidates the U.S. supported."

(Page 208)

"Things Fall Apart" - The Al-Aqsa Intifada - CPT - III

This is another passage from the book "In Harm's Way: A History of Christian Peacemaker Teams".

Issues Arising from West Bank Work
Culpability of the United States in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

   The predominant grievance the Arab/Muslim world holds against the United States is its default and overt support of Israel. Although the U.S. State Department has given lip service to the principle that settlement expansion is detrimental to peace, the government has continued to send massive amounts of aid to Israel that have enabled it to continue building settlements and confiscating land.
   Jeff Halper, the director of the Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions, has said that the U.S. Congress is the institution most responsible for keeping the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza in place. U.S. presidents and the U.S. State Department have understood that Israeli settlements are the primary obstacle to peace in the region. More than half of the Israeli electorate thinks that Israel should get out of the West Bank and Gaza. However, the political power of the right-wing partisans of Israel is enormous. Congressional representatives who have dared to criticize Israel for its abuses of human rights or ask that it abide by United Nations resolutions and pull out of the Occupied Territories have lost their seats due to the power of the Israeli lobby.
  Hebron team members have watched the American participation in the 1995 Oslo II accords, the 1997 Hebron Protocol, the 1998 Wye River Memorandum, the 1999 Sharm el-Sheikh Memorandum, the 2000 Camp David II negotiations, the 2001 Taba talks and Mitchell Report, and the 2003 "Roadmap to Peace" proposed by the "Quartet" of the European Union, Russia, U.S., and United Nations. None of these negotiations really addressed Israel's determination to hold on to settlements in the West Bank.
  Likewise, when Arabs see U.S.-built Apache and Blackhawk helicopters killing Palestinian civilians and U.S.-built Caterpillar bulldozers demolishing Palestinian homes, U.S. advocacy for "peace" negotiations rings hollow.

(Pages 206 and 207)

"Things Fall Apart" - The Al-Aqsa Intifada - CPT - II

This is another passage from the book "In Harm's Way: A History of Christian Peacemaker Teams".

"After Israel fenced in Wadi ghroos to confiscate the land in that valley, soldiers assaulted two sons of the Zalloum family, whose home CPTers tried unsuccessfully to save in 1996. Soldiers picked up the eight-year-old by his head, lifted him high up in the air, and slammed him to the ground. Then they knocked the six-year-old boy down and kicked him. Their father, Waheed Zalloum, complained to the police. When the police asked the soldier why he had done it, he said, according to Zalloum, 'They will grow up to be terrorists, so it's better if we kill them now, while they're small.'"
(Page 167).

keywords: Palestine, Israel, CPT

Thursday, May 01, 2014

Peoples' Social Forum 2014 in Ottawa - invitations to-date II

   In the past week I invited by email the Christian Peacemaker Teams from Toronto to get engaged with the Peoples' Social Forum. I also sent an email to OpenMedia.ca inviting them to propose a workshop. The First United Church should have had their council meeting on the 29th of April to discuss their support for the forum, but I haven't heard back from Reverend Brian Cornelius yet. I also contacted Muslims for Progressive Values MPV Ummah Canada suggesting that they host a workshop and support the forum.
  On March 14th I wrote a generic email to Citizens for Public Justice (CPJ), inviting them to know more about the Forum. I got no reply to-date.

Saturday, April 26, 2014

Encrypting Emails with Mailvelope

In this video I show how to encrypt emails using Mailvelope. Mailvelope is an open-source project that works for Gmail, Yahoo Mail, Outlook and other webmail services. This video shows a step-by-step example on how to encrypt and decrypt emails using Mailvelope.


Como Encriptar Emails (Gmail, Yahoo, Outlook, etc)

Aqui está um vídeo que explica como encriptar emails usando o Mailvelope. Mailvelope é um projeto de código-livre que funciona para Gmail, Yahoo Mail, Outlook e outros serviços de email. O vídeo mostra um exemplo de encriptação e desencriptação passo a passo.


Wednesday, April 23, 2014

Peoples' Social Forum 2014 in Ottawa - invitations to-date


I met with Reverend Brian Cornelius of the First United Church in Ottawa on the 16th of April. It was a nice meeting. He asked about the current endorsers. Other parishioners related to unions had already mentioned the Peoples' Social Forum to him. He will ask the church council on the 29th if they will formally endorse the forum.
I emailed folks from the First Unitarian Congregation of Ottawa twice, with different emails, asking to meet them. That was about one month ago. I got no response.
I emailed today the Canadian Friends Service Committee, inviting them to come to the forum and endorse it.
I put a post on the Canadian Centre for Progressive Christianity Facebook group inviting all to participate, but I didn't see any reply.
I emailed Reverend Joel Crouse at the St John Lutheran Church weeks ago. I emailed the church because they are listed as members of The Open Table. The council of the church met and he sent me this reply:

"Hello Gustavo,
Sorry for the late reply.  I took your proposal to our church council meeting and, while we applaud this initiative, we regret to inform you that we are not interested at this time.  We will, however, advertise the upcoming  forum within our publications for individual interest.
God bless you in your ministry.










Be well and serve,

Rev Joel Crouse
St John Lutheran Church, Pastor "


Peoples' Social Forum in Ottawa, August 21-24, 2014

I am excited with the upcoming Peoples' Social Forum happening in August here in Ottawa. I'm inviting different religious organizations and people by email to participate too. I'll post here on my blog the different invitations and responses I get. I'm inviting organizations and people to participate in the fora, to meet coordinators, to advertise the forum and to formally endorse it.

Sunday, April 06, 2014

"Camus vê o Cristo como um homem, não como um sábio"

Trecho pequeno da entrevista com Arnaud Corbic na Revista Le Point número 15. (Tradução do Gustavo)
"Camus vê o Cristo como um homem, não como um sábio"

'Le Point: Camus era um ateu?
Arnaud Corbic: Não, ele até se defende de ser. Ele escreveu nos seus Cadernos: "Eu leio frequente que eu sou ateu, e ouço falar do meu ateísmo. Essas palavras não me dizem nada, elas não têm sentido pra mim. Eu não creio em Deus e eu não sou ateu." É um agnóstico para quem a questão da existência de Deus é filosoficamente indecidível. Mas é um agnóstico consequente: ele assume essa condição e vive como se Deus não existisse.'

Tuesday, April 01, 2014

"Camus is not a reformer"


This is part of an interview with Lou Marin published on the magazine "Le Point" number 15, about Albert Camus. Gustavo's translation.

You affirm that with his measured conception of revolt, Camus is close to the libertarian streams. How so?
There is a strong non-violent and anti-authoritarian stream at the core of the libertarian thought, and Camus is very close to it. He is not a reformer. The revolt, he says, has a relation with the revolution. But this revolution has to be made in favour of life, not against it. That is to say, in advancing History without terror, or without violence. His conception of revolt goes through a moment of total denial of oppression, questioning all domination. A moment when the power is on the streets. We saw that recently at Tahrir Square in Egypt or Taksim Place in Turkey... To Camus, this first moment, non-violent, has to remain the ideal of the revolution. Otherwise it betrays the origin of the revolt. When the revolution is faithful to its original values, Camus supports it.
...
He fought along with libertarians for the cause of conscientious objectors, those men who refused to take arms. Why does he maintain that so much?
He has always claimed the right to be a conscientious objector. To him, England had shown the excellency of its system by not suppressing this right, even during the war. He brought his support to the pacifist militant Louis Lecoin who, during the 50s, launched a campaign in favour of conscientious objectors. People blame sometimes Camus for being silence on the Algerian question in 1957 and 1958. Therefore we must be aware that at the time, to make one public declaration in favour of conscientious objectors could not not have influence!

"Can we make a party of those who are not sure to be right?", wrote Camus in Défense de l'homme in 1949... Is it not that deep inside, more than a libertarian, he was fundamentally a skeptic?
This was a sentence pronounced against the communist and Marxist ideology which, according to him, seeks to always be right, and has always seen the future in detriment of the present. But to Camus, we cannot sacrifice men to shorten the path towards a dreamed future. He was one of those who did not want to hide a truth in the name of an ideology. And for him, the writer has to speak through the weak, the oppressed, the conquered in History. He himself, because of tuberculosis, always felt near of a certain form of weakness... In his Carnets, he wrote "property is murder". That goes very far!

Wednesday, March 12, 2014

Violence in Brazil and Mennonites in North America

   I began last month to take action to inform Mennonites in North America about the problems of violence in Brazil. I met staff at the Ottawa Mennonite Central Committee (MCC). I also wrote an article about the subject and submitted it to the Canadian Mennonite magazine on Fabruary 12th 2014. Days before sending the article to them, I sent to a small circle of friends, asking for feedback, which was positive. I haven't heard yet any response or acknowledgement from the Canadian Mennonite magazine. Six days ago I emailed the editors asking some acknowledgement, but I haven't heard back yet.

Tuesday, March 11, 2014

"Things Fall Apart" - The Al-Aqsa Intifada - CPT


"On March 16, 2003, an Israeli military bulldozer crushed ISM [International Solidarity Movement] activist Rachel Corrie as she was trying to prevent it from demolishing a Palestinian home. Corrie, 23, from Olympia, Washington, had been part of an ISM team in Rafah (Gaza strip) for the previous two months. Israeli forces in Jenin shot American ISM volunteer Brian Avery in the face on April 5, 2003 - as he stood with other ISMers in front of an Armoured Personnel Carrier - for which he required several reconstructive surgeries. Five days later, Israeli soldiers shot British International Solidarity Movement volunteer Tom Hurndall in the head. Hurndall had been shepherding a group of Palestinian children out of a narrow passage where they had been playing when shooting started. Soldiers opened fire from a tank-mounted machine gun. Hurndall had just taken the hand of a little girl when the bullet hit him in the head. He remained comatose until his family disconnected him from life support in January 2004. Corrie, Avery, and Hurndall were all wearing fluorescent orange or red vests identifying them as human rights accompaniers when the Israeli military killed or injured them.
  These attacks hit everyone who had worked on the [Christian Peacemaker Team] Hebron team hard.  Corrie, Avery, and Hurndall had all participated in the trainings led by the Hebron team. Furthermore, many Hebron team members, as well as their Israeli, Palestinian, and International friends, had stood between bulldozers and their designated targets as part of their work.
  An Urgent Action put out on April 12, 2003, quoted Le Anne Clausen as saying.
  'It feels like open season on peace activists. It's been open season on Palestinians all along, now the lack of accountability in the Israeli military has reached a new level. For Palestinians, the threat of 'transfer' (ethnic cleansing) looms large; the Israeli attacks on human rights workers accompanying them seem to be part of a move by Sharon administration in this direction. If the internationals can be chased away, what will happen to the Palestinian civilians?'

Fragment from
"In Harm's Way: A History of Christian Peacemaker Teams" by Kathleen Kern.

Wednesday, March 05, 2014

Violence in Brazil



Violence in Brazil

An article by Gustavo Frederico

   An elementary school teacher in Rio de Janeiro, a friend of mine, described once how he and the students had to duck under the tables, caught in the crossfire. In December of 2013 at a penitentiary in Maranhão, three men were decapitated in a riot. Allegedly, leader inmates would extort others to have sex with their wives during visits and the three turned down the proposal. Because of the riot, the Government “occupied” the overcrowded prison. In retaliation to that, inmates ordered from within the prison a wave of violence in São Luís, with four buses burned and police stations attacked.     On the 14th of July of 2013, Amarildo Dias de Souza, a father-of-six construction worker, was taken by police for questioning during Operation Armed Peace, a crackdown against the poor (or drug traffickers, depending on the version) in Rocinha, the largest slum of Rio de Janeiro. Amarildo was tortured for 40 minutes by four police officers, with plastic bags and drowning. The Justice system today charges 25 police officers with involvement in his death. The operation was part of the so-called Pacifying Police Units, or UPPs, new units of the police in that city that occupy slums with heavy weapons to enforce “peace”. These are only a few stories of many that I could mention.  
    Violence is part of everyone’s everyday life in Brazil, even though certain groups are disproportionally more affected. For instance, homicide rates of blacks is twice as high as that of whites. Two well-known movies show how violence is commonplace for all: “City of God” and “Elite Squad: The Enemy Within”. A poll by the IPEA Institute in 2010 found that 79% of the population is very much afraid of being assassinated.  Only one in ten is not afraid of being assassinated. The homicide rate was 27.1 per 100 thousand inhabitants in 2011, with 106,603 homicides. While there was a noticeable decrease in the national rate around 2005, it still oscillated in recent years, and the total number of deaths is still very high. The official numbers recorded from 1980 to 2011 is of 2,347,082 violent deaths in Brazil. The rate in Canada in 2012 was 1.56 per 100 thousand inhabitants, the lowest since 1966. In the State of Alagoas, the homicide rate for young black individuals in 2011 was 201.2 per 100 thousand inhabitants. That is twice higher the homicide rate of Honduras, which ranks country number one in violence in the world.
    The “Map of Violence 2013” published by the Sangari Institute compares some numbers taking the “Global Burden of Armed Violence” report of the Geneva Declaration Secretariat. In the top 12 armed conflicts in the world from 2004 to 2007 - including Iraq, Sudan, Afghanistan, Colombia, Congo, etc - there were officially 169,574 direct deaths. During the same period, Brazil officially recorded 206,005. In fact, that number is closer to the total official number of direct deaths of the top 62 armed conflicts in the world combined in the period: 208,349.
    Brazil is a country of contrasts. A general notion abroad is that the economy is getting better after president Lula came to power in 2003. The most recent census, however, indicate that around 11 million inhabitants suffer from hunger. The prison population grew 400% in the previous 20 years, being the 4th largest in the world today with 574,000 inmates. Even being the sixth largest economy in the world today, the country ranks very low worldwide in income distribution. While poverty and income inequality have decreased in the previous decade, with 35 million people out of extreme poverty, the rates of violence did not show similar decline in the period. From 2000 to 2009, the national homicide rate has stayed relatively stable around 26 deaths per 100 thousand inhabitants per year. 
    The Catholic National Conference of Bishops of Brazil promotes yearly the “Fraternity Campaigns” during the Lent season with different themes. Violence was the theme of 2009, 1983 and 1973. In 2004 and 2005, there was a national disarmament campaign involving different religious organizations, NGOs and the Government. More than 220 churches were collection points of firearms. With that, however, we cannot say that non-violence is a noticeable characteristic of Christian institutions in Brazil. Sadly, many Christian politicians and practitioners often profess troublesome discourses that are incompatible with a message of non-violence.   
    The Mennonite Central Committee had an office in Brazil for 44 years. It was closed in 2012. Most of the work focused on rural programs (water access, food security projects and health programs), while the latter years had local programs with issues of family violence and peace education in the city of Recife.
    I left Brazil in 1998 and violence was one important issue for the decision. I grew up in a Baptist church, but I never heard of Martin Luther King Jr. In Canada, I got to know part of the rich history of non-violence of Anabaptists. Christian Peacemaker Teams, for example, has a beautiful history of action in zones of conflict, an emphasis that deserves our continued support. Ronald J. Sider’s speech at the Mennonite World Conference of 1984, which led to the formation of CPT, said that “we need to reject the ways we have misunderstood or weakened Jesus' call to be peacemakers.” He then made a challenging appeal for North American and European Anabaptists to engage actively in direct nonviolent action, especially in zones of conflict. Since then, CPT continues to send teams to zones of conflict. It would be nice if the history of Anabaptist practices of non-violence were available in Portuguese. It would be nice if Canadian and Brazilian youth, perhaps facilitated by technology, could connect and think about what it means to be peacemakers in practice in their contexts. And it would be nice if the world kept in mind during this year of Soccer World Cup that Brazilians can laugh and cry.